Leonardo to the Internet:
Technology and Culture from the Renaissance to the Present
Thomas J. Misa
Chapter 6. Materials of Modernism (1900-1950)
What characteristics of glass and steel (but not
stone or bricks) appealed to modern architects?
"Our forebears drew their artistic inspiration from a
religious atmosphere which fed their souls; in the
same way we must breathe in the tangible miracles of
contemporary life," the Futurists claimed in
1910. What values did Futurists -- Marinetti, Boccioni,
Balla, Sant'Elia -- associate with technology?
DISCUSS three specific Futurist works (manifestos,
painting, sculptures, buildings).
transformed Futurist thinking into a set of
architectural theories about modern materials and
cultural development. What values did Doesburg,
Mondrian, Oud, and Berlage associate with
technology? DISCUSS three specific de Stijl
synthesized theory and practice and created the most
influential theory of modernism in architecture.
What values did Gropius, Mies van der Rohe, Lazlo
Moholy-Nagy, Ernst May and Martin Wagner associate
with technology? DISCUSS two specific Bauhaus
Discuss Lihotzky's "Frankfurt kitchen" (fig. 6.6) as
an ironic "icon" of modernism.
Using examples from Misa's chapter, explain how modernism offers a vivid instance of "how technology changes culture."
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